Surrogacy refers to a contract in which woman carries a Pregnancy for another couple.“Genetic Couple”, “ Commissioning Couple”, “ Intended Parent”:- The Couple who provide either both sets of gametes or at least one set of gametes.“Surrogate host” or “Host” :The woman Receiving the embryos created from the gametes of the genetic couple.“Gestational surrogacy” or “IVF surrogacy “ or “Full Surrogacy”: It refers to a situation in which the individual provides only for gestation and does not provide her gametes for the child(ren) she gestates.
Women without a uterus, but with one or both ovaries functioning, are the most obvious group that may be suitable for the treatment by IVF – Surrogacy. These includes:
Women with congenital absence of the uterus or congential uterine abnormalities like T shaped uterus or hypoplastic uterus.
Women who have had a hysterectomy for severe hemorrhage or ruptured uterus.
Women who suffer repeated miscarriage and for whom the prospect of carrying a baby to term is very remote. Also considered within this group are women who have repeatedly failed to achieve a pregnancy following several IVF treatment cycles, and who appear to be unable to implant normal embryos. Women with untreatable asherman’s syndrome also fall into this category.
Gestational carriers may be known to the intended parents or may be anonymous. Known gestational carriers are typically relatives like, sister in laws, cousins, or friends who volunteer to carry the pregnancy. Anonymous gestational carriers are identified through agencies that specialize in recruiting women to become a gestational carrier. There are no specific data on interfamilial surrogacy as surrogacy arrangements in general are less common than gamete donation.